Welcome to Shemsh Magnesium

SHEMSH MAGNESIUM ARAS (“Shemaco”) was initiated in 2015 to provide an alternative low-cost supply option for pure Magnesium and Magnesium alloys to Turkey and Europe's leading industrial buyers.

Shemaco is located at the Aras Free Trade Zone in East Azerbaijan, just a short distance from the Turkish border and a few days by truck from European manufacturing. Utilising a natural gas fuelled Silicothermic Pidgeon process, the project was designed to produce 15,000 tpa of pure and alloy Magnesium ingots and ground powder products (ISO 8287) as well as 18,000 tpa of Ferrosilicon.

Magnesium production in East Azerbaijan benefits from an abundance of the raw materials required and exceptionally low energy and labour costs, placing Shemaco amongst the lowest cost producers globally. Through a strategic partnership with the world’s leading Magnesium alloying and casting specialist, Shemaco offers a highly technical downstream capability. Bringing together these upstream and downstream advantages results in a price competitive, high quality and environmentally friendly product on a ‘just-in-time’ basis for the European marketplace.

It is Shemaco’s intention to demonstrate an ongoing and determined commitment to improving health and safety throughout its organisation, increasing operational efficiencies and reducing its carbon footprint. The Group strives to build long-term and reliable partnerships with its international clients.


Shemaco aims to become the largest Magnesium producer in the region; offering European industries with a non-Chinese alternative, at a stable low price and with industry leading CO2 emission metrics. The natural gas fuelled Pidgeon technology was conceived and patented by Aramico, a company focused on industrial R&D and EPC projects, founded in 2008 by the previous deputy minister of the country's Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade. Initial development of a Magnesium facility was backed by the National Development Fund to support domestic requirements, with production commencing in 2015.

Since early 2014, the Shemaco project has been under development as a joint venture between Aramico and London Tonnage Limited, with the aim to build on the group’s technical understanding and patented process in order to develop the country's Magnesium Industry for international export. In early 2016, Shemaco formed a technical partnership with Rauch GmbH of Austria, the world leader in downstream Magnesium engineering and handling, in order to ensure a consistent high quality of its finished products.

  • About Magnesium
  • Magnesium is the lightest of all structural metals - about 33% lighter than Aluminium, 75% lighter than Steel - it is non-toxic, non-magnetic, it has high-impact strength qualities and its resistant to denting. These characteristics make Magnesium incredibly useful for a wide range of applications, with the auto and aviation industries being prime examples.  Magnesium is also now used extensively in the manufacture of consumer electronics and tools, sporting equipment, medical devices and batteries. Magnesium powders and raspings are also widely used in the steel industry as a desulfurization agent and the chemical industry.

    Magnesium when alloyed with small amounts of Al, Mn, Si and Zn yields alloys with excellent properties and high ratios of strength-to-weight. Proper combinations of these alloying constituents provide alloys suitable for sand, permanent mold, and die-castings, forgings, extrusions, rolled sheet and plate. Shemaco produces and supplies a complete range of die-casting, sand-casting and wrought alloys. 

  • Magnesium Mechanical Properties
  • Magnesium Manufacturing Processes
  • Magnesium Casting

    Magnesium castings characterized by good surface appearance and a high strength-to-weight ratio can be obtained in a wide variety of intricate shapes. Sand, permanent mold and die-casting are the methods most commonly used to produce cast structures. The selection of a proper alloy for a particular use depends upon the service requirements of the job as well as relative properties and characteristics of the casting alloy. The most common casting alloys are AZ91B, AM50A and AM60B. AZ91D is the most common alloy used in high pressure die-casting, as it offers good strength-to-weight ratio and excellent castability. AM50A and AM60B are used for safety components in the automotive industry given their superior ductility and energy absorbing properties combined with good strength and castability. AM20 is another Mg-Al alloy used for special safety components that offers high ductility and impact strengths.


    Die-casting of Mg parts

    Most Magnesium automotive parts are made by die-casting. Magnesium die-casting has several advantages over Aluminium:

    • Most molten alloys show high fluidity which allows casting of intricate and thin walled parts. Magnesium may be used for casings with thinner walls (1–1.5 mm) than is possible with Aluminium (2–2.5 mm) or Plastics (2–3 mm).
    • Magnesium has a latent heat of fusion per unit volume that is 2/3 lower than that of Aluminium. This means that Magnesium castings cool more quickly and die wear is reduced.
    • High gate pressures can be achieved at moderate pressures because of the low density of Magnesium.
    • Iron from the dies has very low solubility in magnesium alloys, which is beneficial because it reduces any tendency to die soldering.

    Magnesium Extrusions

    Magnesium alloys are readily extruded into an almost unlimited variety of round rods, bars, tubes and structural shapes. The process for extruding Magnesium is almost the same as the process for extruding Aluminium materials. Most common is direct extrusion without a lubricant. Cylindrical ingots are heated to 300-400°C and pressed through dies.

    With some of the alloys it is possible to extrude Magnesium on the standard dies that are normally used for Aluminium extrusions with a small correction to the die. As a result, there is a wide range of standard profiles that can be extruded without big investments in new dies. The second added value for the customer is that for new designed profiles, one only needs to invest in a single die for extruding profiles in Aluminium and Magnesium. Generally extrusion speed for Magnesium is much slower than for Aluminium.


Casting and Wrought Alloys:

Shemaco produces pure Mg ingots and a comprehensive range of die-casting, sand-casting and wrought Mg alloy products. Our service includes extensive technical support in the melting and casting of our products. Our development team can work closely with end-users to ensure component designs maximise the potential benefits from the alloys.

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The Aras Free Trade Zone is located in East Azerbaijan, just a short distance from Turkey.

Free Trade - Heavy Industrial Zone Advantages;

  • Customs clearance within the free trade zone and fast-track across the Turkish border allows for direct delivery to European customers within 2-4 days by truck; cutting logistics time and costs, and reducing the exposure of this sensitive material to moisture
  • All required utilities provided by trade zone membership
  • Offers exemption from import and export duties
  • Extends legal guarantees & protections such as FIPPA



Quality and Safety

Shemaco has committed itself to implement a quality assurance system in-line with the quality management standard ISO 9001.

Its objective is to improve the control over quality-related work processes to manufacture only products conforming to specifications. Clear instructions and procedures aim to provide a healthy and safe working enviornment. This includes employee satisfaction in the work place, which is an important prerequisite and a declared goal at Shemaco. Both the company and its employees commit themselves to comply with all legal and regulatory requirements, particularly in terms of occupational health and safety.


Shemaco appreciates the value that the natural environment has to us all, and the increasing importance placed by leading industrial participants on lowering carbon impact.

Shemaco supports, develops and promotes environmentally friendly solutions, and strives towards lasting, future oriented handling of resources. In common practiced Pidgeon processes, the energy source is either coal or SNG (synthetic natural gas), which is also derived from coal. The furnaces in Shemaco’s production facility burn sweet natural gas, which is both more efficient and environmentally friendly. This technological extension has been developed and advanced by the Aramico team and has been recognised by a prestigious award at the 10th International Kharazmi Science and Technology Festival, held by the Research Organisation for Science and Technology.

The Group has also made numerous engineering modifications, such as the use of regenerative burners and heat exchages, in order to lower the global warming potential of its production. Shemaco strives to achieve industry leading carbon metrics for Pidgeon produced Magnesium.

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Call us: +44 207 243 0335




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